Since 2011, Syria has undergone fundamental changes in the demographic structure of the population and affected the societal structure in which this demographic structure is built. This study approaches some of these changes through a case study analysing the transformations of birth and mortality rates in Latakia ‒ a Syrian governorate that has remained in a state of relative stability. Consequently, many displaced Syrians have relocated to Latakia in recent years. The study is methodologically based on a quantitative analysis perspective that compares the demographic reality and its transformations to the decade prior to the war. It also undertakes a qualitative analysis that traces today’s family attitudes toward the issue of fertility in light of the experiences of both settled and displaced families.