This field study sheds light on Lebanon’s Syrian labor force and the legal framework it operates in. The first part deals with the working conditions of Syrian workers in Lebanon, such as working hours, rates of pay and benefits. Part two examines the legal framework that applies to the Syrian labor, the effect and implications of these laws on workers’ lives, as well as the network of social relationships that connects Syrian workers with the Lebanese environment. Part three presents the main conclusions and recommendations. The study highlights the need to treat Syrian workers fairly by passing legislation to guarantee the protection of their rights. This, argues the author, would be a key avenue to build good relations between the two parts while simultaneously safeguarding their rights.