The entangled pathologies of late modernity in the political, socio–economic, and cultural spheres take the following forms: 1) a communion between authoritarianism in the Global South and populism in the Global North with increasing people moving to the political right and particularly to the populist right 2) increasing trends of inequality, precarity and exclusion, and 3) the further hierarchical polarization of society. How do the social sciences, in particular sociology, react to the pathologies of late modernity? I argue that much of the disciplineʼs responses have become characterized as classically liberal but politically illiberal – in short, I call this "Symbolic Liberalism" or the "Symbolic Liberal project". Symbolic Liberalism is not the product of sociology alone as it reflects changes in other every sector of public life including the media, politics, law, and education. Interestingly, these changes concern not only in the Global North but also the Global South under a global convergence. In response, I propose a dialogical sociology to balance between the collective and individual political liberal project.