This translation of Chapter 11 of the book Genocide: A Comprehensive Introduction by Adam Jones observes that although the fields of sociology and anthropology have long displayed reluctance to engage with genocide and state terror, a host of sociologists and anthropologists have for decades contributed in changing this situation and conducted studies on genocide. The first part of the chapter deals with genocide from a sociological perspective. It views it as a modern phenomenon based on nationalist ideology, technological advance, and bureaucratic rationalization and as a conflict with an “ethnic” dimelnsion. It also considers the role of “market-dominant minorities” as a justification for the perpetrators of genocide. Part two reviews the anthropological perspective on genocide. It employs case studies of genocide, including the works of forensic anthropologists. This approach stands in contrast with the foundations of anthropology, which were biased in favor of colonial regimes.