At the heart of al-Hubayyeb’s analysis is the fact that Tunisia’s state crisis in the current transitional phase can be understood by analyzing Tunisian politicians’ ideological visions. On this basis, the study attempts to apply a comparative critical analysis of the ideological concepts and visions of Tunisia’s main political actors. The paper investigates the Tunisian state’s representation in the wake of its independence in Tunisia’s contemporary ideological context, explaining how the notion of a national state was excluded. It further analyzes the concept of revolution against this state and the representation of the January 14, 2011 event in the discourse of the main political actors on the Tunisian scene today. Al-Hubayyeb offers a thorough investigation into the links between the Tunisian crisis and Tunisians’ different ideologies and visions of Tunisia post-independence, the revolution against it, and the meaning of democratic transition.