This paper addresses the current structural transformations in Palestinian political culture and the effects on Palestinian refugees. It uses both a quantitative and qualitative analytical methodology and a survey of a sample of refugees in the Gaza Strip and West Bank. The findings suggest that the effects of these transformations are the atrophy of the representational frameworks for the social and economic issues of refugees, resulting in their exclusion and marginalization. This represents a gap in their political and social representation and the deterioration of official and informal institutions, as well as a declining confidence in PLO and popular committees as representatives of the social, educational, and economic rights of refugees. In addition, the study reveals the necessity for an “independent” social and/or political movement to address the problems and the needs of Palestinian refugees.